Country Profiling

SEARCH provides country profiles for South East Asian countries.  Profiles cover the social, economic and political environments in each country.  Specific interest areas for clients can be targeted where required.


Fast Facts

Population

 

Population 2015 est. (Millions

15.7

Infant mortality 2015 (deaths / 1,000 live births)

32.5

Life expectancy 2015 (years)

71.7
Ethnic groups

Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%

Religions

Buddhist (official) 96.9%, Muslim 1.9%, Christian 0.4%, other 0.8% (2008 est.)

Literacy (defined as age 15 and over who can read and write)

77.20%

Population below the Poverty Line 2012 est.

17.7%

Urbanization 2015 (% of total population)

20.7

Environment

 

Natural Resources

Oil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential, arable land

Current Environmental Issues 2011

Illegal logging activities throughout the country and strip mining for gems in the western region along the border with Thailand have resulted in habitat loss and declining biodiversity (in particular, destruction of mangrove swamps threatens natural fisheries); soil erosion; in rural areas, most of the population does not have access to potable water; declining fish stocks due to illegal fishing and overfishing

Total Renewable Water Resources

476.1 cu km

Government

 

Government type

Multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy

Property rights 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.6

Diversion of public funds 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.0

Public trust in politicians 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.8

Irregular payments and bribes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.9

Favoritism in decisions of government officials 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.8

Transparency of government policy making 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.2

Reliability of police services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.9

Legal System

 

Legal system type

Civil law system (influenced by the UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia) customary law, Communist legal theory, and common law

Judicial Independence 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.5

Efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.8

Strength of legal rights index 2015 (0=weak, 12=strong)

11

Governance

 

Ethical behaviour of firms 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.8

Strength of auditing and reporting standards 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.5

Infrastructure

 

Quality of overall infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.4

Quality of roads 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.3

Quality of railroad infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

1.6

Quality of port infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.7

Quality of air transport infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.7

Quality of electicity supply 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.1

Access to electricity 2012 (% of population)

31.1

Economy

 

Gross Domestic Product 2015 est. USD Billions

17.71

GDP per Capita 2015 est. USD (PPP)

3,500

Inflation 2015 est. (%)

1.4

Government debt % of GDP 2014

29.5
Country credit rating 2015: 0-100 (best) 30.6

Health and Education

 

Health Expenditure as % of GDP 2013 

7.5

Education Expenditure as % of GDP 2010

2.6

Quality of education system 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.2

Primary education enrollment rate 2015 %

98.4

Secondary education enrollment rate 2015 %

45.0

Tertiary education enrollment rate 2015 %

15.8

Finance and Banking

 

Availability of financial services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.1

Ease of access to loans 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.7 

Depth of credit information index 2015 (0=low to 8=high)

5

Soundness of banks 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.4

Technology

 

Availability of latest technologies 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.2

Internet users 2015 %

9.0

Fixed broadband internet subscriptions 2015 % population

0.2

Internet broadband 2015 kb/s per user

9.4

Mobile broadband subscriptions % population

14.0

International Performance Indices

 

Global Competitive Index (2015/2016) Rank out of 140

90

World Press Feedom Index 2015 (rank out of 180):

139

Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2015 (rank out of 167):

150

The Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom 2016 (Rank out of 178):

112

Legatum Prosperity Index 2015: (Rank out of 142)

112

General Business Indicators (2015)

 

Number of procedures required to start a business 

11

Time required to get electricity (days)

179

Time to resolve insolvency (years)

6

Time required to enforce a contract (days)

483

Time required to start a business (days)

87

Time required to build a warehouse (days)

652

Business Extent of Disclosure Index (0=less to 10=more disclosure):

5

Ease of doing business index (1=Most business friendly regulations)

127

Fast Facts

Population

 

Population 2015 est. (Millions)

256

Infant mortality 2015 (deaths / 1,000 live births)

24.5

Life expectancy 2015 (years)

70.8

Ethnic Groups

Javanese 40.1%, Sundanese 15.5%, Malay 3.7%, Batak 3.6%, Madurese 3%, Betawi 2.9%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Buginese 2.7%, Bantenese 2%, Banjarese 1.7%, Balinese 1.7%, Acehnese 1.4%, Dayak 1.4%, Sasak 1.3%, Chinese 1.2%, other 15% (2010 est.)

Religions

Muslim 87.2%, Christian 7%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Hindu 1.7%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist and Confucian), unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)

Literacy (defined as age 15 and over who can read and write)

93.90%

Population below the Poverty Line 2014 est.

11.30%

Urbanization 2015 (% of total population)

53.7

Environment

 
Natural resources

Petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

Total Renewable Water Resources

2,019 cu km

Current Environmental Issues 2011

Deforestation; water pollution from industrial wastes, sewage; air pollution in urban areas; smoke and haze from forest fires

Government

 
Government type Republic

Property rights 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.3

Diversion of public funds 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.6

Public trust in politicians 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.7

Irregular payments and bribes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.7

Favoritism in decisions of government officials 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.8

Transparency of government policy making 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.1

Reliability of police services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.1

Legal System

 

Legal system type

Civil law system based on the Roman-Dutch model and influenced by customary law

Judicial Independence 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.0

Efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.9

Strength of legal rights index 2015 (0=weak, 12=strong)

5

Governance

 

Ethical behaviour of firms 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.3

Strength of auditing and reporting standards 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.3

Infrastructure

 

Quality of overall infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.8

Quality of roads 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.7

Quality of railroad infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.6

Quality of port infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.6

Quality of air transport infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.4

Quality of electicity supply 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.1

Access to electricity 2012 (% of population)

96.0

Economy

 

Gross Domestic Product 2015 est. USD Billions

872.6

GDP per Capita 2015 est. USD (PPP)

11,300

Inflation 2015 est. (%)

6.7

Government debt % of GDP 2014

25.0

Country credit rating 2015: 0-100 (best)

58.5

Health and Education

 

Health Expenditure as % of GDP 2013 

3.1

Education Expenditure as % of GDP 2012

3.6

Quality of education system 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.3

Primary education enrollment rate 2015 %

92.2

Secondary education enrollment rate 2015 %

82.5

Tertiary education enrollment rate 2015 %

31.5

Finance and Banking

 

Availability of financial services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.9

Ease of access to loans 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.9

Depth of credit information index 2015 (0=low to 8=high)

6

Soundness of banks 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.8

Technology

 

Availability of latest technologies 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.8

Internet users 2015 %

17.1

Fixed broadband internet subscriptions 2015 % population

1.2

Internet broadband 2015 kb/s per user

6.2

Mobile broadband subscriptions % population

34.7

International Performance Indices

 

Global Competitive Index (2015/2016) Rank out of 140

37

World Press Feedom Index 2015 (rank out of 180):

138

Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2015 (rank out of 167):

88

The Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom 2016 (Rank out of 178):

99

Legatum Prosperity Index 2015: (Rank out of 142)

69

General Business Indicators (2015)

 

Number of procedures required to start a business 

10

Time required to get electricity (days)

79

Time to resolve insolvency (years)

1.9

Time required to enforce a contract (days)

471

Time required to start a business (days)

47.8

Time required to build a warehouse (days)

210

Business Extent of Disclosure Index (0=less to 10=more disclosure):

10

Ease of doing business index (1=Most business friendly regulations)

109

Fast Facts

Population

 

Population 2015 est. (Millions)

6.9

Infant mortality 2015 (deaths / 1,000 live births)

53.8

Life expectancy 2015 (years)

68.2

Ethnic Groups

Lao 55%, Khmou 10.8%, Hmong 8%, Tai 43.8%, Phuthai 3.3%, Lue 2.2%, Katang 2.1%, Makong 2.1% Akha 1.6% Other 10.4% unspecified 1% (2005 est.)

Religions

Buddhist 66.8%, Christian 1.5%, other and unspecified 31.5% (2005 est.)

Literacy (defined as age 15 and over who can read and write)

79.9%

Population below the Poverty Line 2013 est.

22%

Urbanization 2015 (% of total population)

38.6

Environment

 

Natural Resources

Timber, hydropower, gypsum, tin, gold, gemstones

Total Renewable Water Resources

333.5 cu km

Current Environmental Issues 2011

Unexploded ordnance; deforestation; soil erosion; most of the population does not have access to potable water

Government

 

Government type

Communist state

Property rights 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.6

Diversion of public funds 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.5

Public trust in politicians 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.7

Irregular payments and bribes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.3

Favoritism in decisions of government officials 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.7

Transparency of government policy making 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.6

Reliability of police services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.2

Legal System

 

Legal system type

Civil law system similar in form to the French system

Judicial Independence 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.7

Efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.1

Strength of legal rights index 2015 (0=weak, 12=strong)

6

Governance

 

Ethical behaviour of firms 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.9

Strength of auditing and reporting standards 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.6

Infrastructure

 

Quality of overall infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.9

Quality of roads 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.6

Quality of railroad infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

NA

Quality of port infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.2

Quality of air transport infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.8

Quality of electicity supply 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.7

Access to electricity 2012 (% of population)

70.0

Economy

 

Gross Domestic Product 2015 est. USD Billions

12.55

GDP per Capita 2015 est. USD (PPP)

5,400

Inflation 2015 est. (%)

1.3

Government debt % of GDP 2014

62.5

Country credit rating 2015: 0-100 (best)

21.4 

Health and Education

 

Health Expenditure as % of GDP 2013 

2.0 

Education Expenditure as % of GDP 2010

2.8 

Quality of education system 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.8 

Primary education enrollment rate 2015 %

97.3

Secondary education enrollment rate 2015 %

50.5

Tertiary education enrollment rate 2015 %

17.7

Finance and Banking

 

Availability of financial services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.3

Ease of access to loans 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.8

Depth of credit information index 2015 (0=low to 8=high)

5

Soundness of banks 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.5

Technology

 

Availability of latest technologies 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.9

Internet users 2015 %

14.3

Fixed broadband internet subscriptions 2015 % population

0.2

Internet broadband 2015 kb/s per user

2.8

Mobile broadband subscriptions % population

4.6

International Performance Indices

 

Global Competitive Index (2015/2016) Rank out of 140

83

World Press Feedom Index 2015 (rank out of 180):

171

Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2015 (rank out of 167):

139

The Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom 2016 (Rank out of 178):

155

Legatum Prosperity Index 2015: (Rank out of 142)

95

General Business Indicators (2015)

 

Number of procedures required to start a business 

6

Time required to get electricity (days)

134

Time to resolve insolvency (years)

NA

Time required to enforce a contract (days)

443

Time required to start a business (days)

73

Time required to build a warehouse (days)

83

Business Extent of Disclosure Index (0=less to 10=more disclosure):

6

Ease of doing business index (1=Most business friendly regulations)

134

Fast Facts

Population

 

Population 2015 est. (Millions)

30.5

Infant mortality 2015 (deaths / 1,000 live births)

7.2

Life expectancy 2015 (years)

75.0

Ethnic Groups

Malay 50.1%, Chinese 22.6%, indigenous 11.8%, Indian 6.7%, other 0.7%, non-citizens 8.2% (2010 est.)

Religions

Muslim (official) 61.3%, Buddhist 19.8%, Christian 9.2%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 1.3%, other 0.4%, none 0.8%, unspecified 1% (2010 est.)

Literacy (defined as age 15 and over who can read and write)

94.60%

Population below the Poverty Line 2009 est.

3.80% 

Urbanization 2015 (% of total population)

74.7

Environment

 
Natural Resources

Tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite

Total Renewable Water Resources

580 cu km

Current Environmental Issues 2011

Air pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions; water pollution from raw sewage; deforestation; smoke/haze from Indonesian forest fires

Government

 
Government type

Constitutional monarchy

Property rights 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.4

Diversion of public funds 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.8

Public trust in politicians 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.8

Irregular payments and bribes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.9

Favoritism in decisions of government officials 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.6

Transparency of government policy making 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.3

Reliability of police services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.1

Legal System

 

Legal system type

Mixed legal system of English common law, Islamic law, and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court at request of supreme head of the federation

Judicial Independence 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.0

Efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.3

Strength of legal rights index 2015 (0=weak, 12=strong)

7

Governance

 

Ethical behaviour of firms 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.2

Strength of auditing and reporting standards 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.5

Infrastructure

 

Quality of overall infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.6

Quality of roads 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.7

Quality of railroad infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.1

Quality of port infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.6

Quality of air transport infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.7

Quality of electicity supply 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.8

Access to electricity 2012 (% of population)

100

Economy

 

Gross Domestic Product 2015 est. USD Billions

313.5

GDP per Capita 2015 est. USD (PPP)

26,600

Inflation 2015 est. (%)

2.1

Government debt % of GDP 2014

57.0

Country credit rating 2014: 0-100 (best)

72.0

Health and Education

 

Health Expenditure as % of GDP 2013 

4.0

Education Expenditure as % of GDP 2011

5.9

Quality of education system 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.4

Primary education enrollment rate 2015 %

97.0

Secondary education enrollment rate 2015 %

70.8

Tertiary education enrollment rate 2015 %

37.2

Finance and Banking

 

Availability of financial services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.6

Ease of access to loans 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.8

Depth of credit information index 2015 (0=low to 8=high)

7

Soundness of banks 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.5

Technology

 

Availability of latest technologies 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.7

Internet users 2015 %

67.5

Fixed broadband internet subscriptions 2015 % population

10.1

Internet broadband 2015 kb/s per user

27.2

Mobile broadband subscriptions % population

58.3

International Performance Indices

 

Global Competitive Index (2015/2016) Rank out of 140

18

World Press Feedom Index 2015 (rank out of 180):

147

Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2015 (rank out of 167):

54

The Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom 2016 (Rank out of 178):

29

Legatum Prosperity Index 2015: (Rank out of 142)

44

General Business Indicators (2015)

 

Number of procedures required to start a business 

3

Time required to get electricity (days)

32

Time to resolve insolvency (years)

1

Time required to enforce a contract (days)

425

Time required to start a business (days)

4

Time required to build a warehouse (days)

79

Business Extent of Disclosure Index (0=less to 10=more disclosure):

10

Ease of doing business index (1=Most business friendly regulations)

18

Fast Facts

Population

 

Population 2015 est. (Millions)

56.3

Infant mortality 2015 (deaths / 1,000 live births)

39.8

 

Life expectancy 2015 (years)

65.1

Ethnic Groups

Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%

Religions

Buddhist 89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Muslim 4%, Animist 1%, other 2%

Literacy (defined as age 15 and over who can read and write)

93.10%

Population below the Poverty Line 2007 est.

32.70%

Urbanization 2015 (% of total population)

34.1

Environment

 

Natural Resources

Petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower, arable land

Total Renewable Water Resources

1,168 cu km

Current Environmental Issues 2011

Deforestation; industrial pollution of air, soil, and water; inadequate sanitation and water treatment contribute to disease

Government

 

Government type

Parliamentary government took power in March 2011

Property rights 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.0

Diversion of public funds 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.4

Public trust in politicians 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.0

Irregular payments and bribes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.5

Favoritism in decisions of government officials 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.3

Transparency of government policy making 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.8

Reliability of police services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.9

Legal System

 

Legal system type

Mixed legal system of English common law (as introduced in codifications designed for colonial India) and customary law

Judicial Independence 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.6

Efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.7

Strength of legal rights index 2015 (0=weak, 12=strong)

2

Governance

 

Ethical behaviour of firms 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.3

Strength of auditing and reporting standards 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.5

Infrastructure

 

Quality of overall infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.4

Quality of roads 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.3

Quality of railroad infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

1.8

Quality of port infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.6

Quality of air transport infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.6

Quality of electicity supply 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.7

Access to electricity 2012 (% of population)

52.4

Economy

 

Gross Domestic Product 2015 est. USD Billions

65.78

GDP per Capita 2015 est. USD (PPP)

5,200

Inflation 2015 est. (%)

9.2

Government debt % of GDP 2014

39.7

Country credit rating 2015: 0-100 (best)

17.0

Health and Education

 

Health Expenditure as % of GDP 2013

1.8

Education Expenditure as % of GDP 2011

0.8

Quality of education system 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.5

Primary education enrollment rate 2015 %

86.4

Secondary education enrollment rate 2015 %

50.2

Tertiary education enrollment rate 2015 %

13.4

Finance and Banking

 

Availability of financial services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

 2.8

Ease of access to loans 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

 1.4

Depth of credit information index 2015 (0=low to 8=high)

 0

Soundness of banks 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

 3.4

Technology

 

Availability of latest technologies 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.7

Internet users 2015 %

2.1

Fixed broadband internet subscriptions 2015 % population

0.2

Internet broadband 2015 kb/s per user

28.7

Mobile broadband subscriptions % population

14.9

International Performance Indices

 

Global Competitive Index (2015/2016) Rank out of 140

131

World Press Feedom Index 2015 (rank out of 180):

144

Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2015 (rank out of 167):

147

The Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom 2016 (Rank out of 178):

158

Legatum Prosperity Index 2015: (Rank out of 142)

NA

General Business Indicators (2015)

 

Number of procedures required to start a business 

11

Time required to get electricity (days)

77

Time to resolve insolvency (years)

5

Time required to enforce a contract (days)

1160

Time required to start a business (days)

13

Time required to build a warehouse (days)

95

Business Extent of Disclosure Index (0=less to 10=more disclosure):

3

Ease of doing business index (1=Most business friendly regulations)

167

Fast Facts

Population

 

Population 2015 est. (Millions)

101.0

Infant mortality 2015 (deaths / 1,000 live births)

23.5

Life expectancy 2015 (years)

68.7

Ethnic Groups

Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000 census)

Religions

Catholic 82.9% (Roman Catholic 80.9%, Aglipayan 2%), Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1% (2000 census)

Literacy (defined as age 15 and over who can read and write)

96.30%

Population below the Poverty Line 2012 est.

25.20%

Urbanization 2015 (% of total population)

44.4

Environment

 

Natural Resources

Timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper

Total Renewable Water Resources

479 cu km

Current Environmental Issues 2011

Uncontrolled deforestation especially in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in major urban centers; coral reef degradation; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps that are important fish breeding grounds

Government

 

Government type

Republic

Property rights 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.1

Diversion of public funds 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.9

Public trust in politicians 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.6

Irregular payments and bribes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.5

Favoritism in decisions of government officials 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.0

Transparency of government policy making 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.9

Reliability of police services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.6

Legal System

 

Legal system type

Mixed legal system of civil, common, Islamic, and customary law

Judicial Independence 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.7

Efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.3

Strength of legal rights index 201 (0=weak, 12=strong)

3

Governance

 

Ethical behaviour of firms 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.1

Strength of auditing and reporting standards 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.0

Infrastructure

 

Quality of overall infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.3

Quality of roads 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.3

Quality of railroad infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.2

Quality of port infrastructure 2015/16(Worst =1, Best =7)

3.2

Quality of air transport infrastructure 2015/16(Worst =1, Best =7)

3.7

Quality of electicity supply 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.0

Access to electricity 2012 (% of population)

87.5

Economy

 

Gross Domestic Product 2015 est. USD Billions

299.3

GDP per Capita 2015 est. USD (PPP)

7,500

Inflation 2015 est. (%)

1.8

Government debt % of GDP 2014

37.2

Country credit rating 2015: 0-100 (best)

55.9

Health and Education

 

Health Expenditure as % of GDP 2013

4.4

Education Expenditure as % of GDP 2009

2.7

Quality of education system 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.5

Primary education enrollment rate 2015 %

90.2

Secondary education enrollment rate 2015 %

84.6

Tertiary education enrollment rate 2015 %

28.2

Finance and Banking

 

Availability of financial services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.0

Ease of access to loans 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.5

Depth of credit information index 2015 (0=low to 8=high)

5

Soundness of banks 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.4

Technology

 

Availability of latest technologies 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.6

Internet users 2015 %

39.7

Fixed broadband internet subscriptions 2015 % population

23.2

Internet broadband 2015 kb/s per user

27.7

Mobile broadband subscriptions % population

28.0

International Performance Indices

 

Global Competitive Index (2015/2016) Rank out of 140

47

World Press Feedom Index 2015 (rank out of 180):

141

Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2015 (rank out of 167):

95

The Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom 2016 (Rank out of 178):

70

Legatum Prosperity Index 2015: (Rank out of 142)

74

General Business Indicators (2015)

 

Number of procedures required to start a business 

16

Time required to get electricity (days)

42

Time to resolve insolvency (years)

2.7

Time required to enforce a contract (days)

842

Time required to start a business (days)

29

Time required to build a warehouse (days)

98

Business Extent of Disclosure Index (0=less to 10=more disclosure):

2

Ease of doing business index (1=Most business friendly regulations)

103

Fast Facts

Population

 

Population 2015 est. (Millions)

5.7

Infant mortality 2015 (deaths / 1,000 live births)

2.2

Life expectancy 2015 (years)

82.3

Ethnic Groups

Chinese 74.2%, Malay 13.3%, Indian 9.2%, other 3.3% (2013 est.)

Religions

Buddhist 33.9%, Muslim 14.3%, Taoist 11.3%, Catholic 7.1%, Hindu 5.2%, other Christian 11%, other 0.7%, none 16.4% (2010 est.)

Literacy (defined as age 15 and over who can read and write)

96.8%

Population below the Poverty Line

NA%

Urbanization 2015 (% of total population)

100

Environment

 

Natural Resources

Fish, deepwater ports

Total Renewable Water Resources

0.6 cu km

Current Environmental Issues 2011

Industrial pollution; limited natural freshwater resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia

Government

 

Government type

Parliamentary republic

Property rights 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.3

Diversion of public funds 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.1

Public trust in politicians 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.3

Irregular payments and bribes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.6

Favoritism in decisions of government officials 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.5

Transparency of government policy making 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.2

Reliability of police services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.2

Legal System

 

Legal system type

English common law

Judicial Independence 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.5

Efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes 2015/16(Worst =1, Best =7)

6.2

Strength of legal rights index 2015 (0=weak, 12=strong)

8

Governance

 

Ethical behaviour of firms 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.1

Strength of auditing and reporting standards 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.2

Infrastructure

 

Quality of overall infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.4

Quality of roads 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.2

Quality of railroad infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

NA

Quality of port infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.7

Quality of air transport infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.8

Quality of electicity supply 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.7

Access to electricity 2012 (% of population)

100

Economy

 

Gross Domestic Product 2015 est. USD Billions

294.0

GDP per Capita 2015 est. USD (PPP)

85,700

Inflation 2015 est. (%)

-0.5

Government debt % of GDP 2014

98.8

Country credit rating 2015: 0-100 (best)

93.1

Health and Education

 

Health Expenditure as % of GDP 2013

4.6

Education Expenditure as % of GDP 2013

2.9

Quality of education system 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.8

Primary education enrollment rate 2015 %

100

Secondary education enrollment rate 2015 %

107.6

Tertiary education enrollment rate 2015 %

82.7

Finance and Banking

 

Availability of financial services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.1

Ease of access to loans 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.5

Depth of credit information index 2015 (0=low to 8=high)

7

Soundness of banks 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.5

Technology

 

Availability of latest technologies 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

6.2

Internet users 2015 %

82

Fixed broadband internet subscriptions 2015 % population

27.8

Internet broadband 2015 kb/s per user

616.5

Mobile broadband subscriptions % population

156.1

International Performance Indices

 

Global Competitive Index (2015/2016) Rank out of 140

2

World Press Feedom Index 2015 (rank out of 180):

153

Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2015 (rank out of 167):

8

The Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom 2016 (Rank out of 178):

2

Legatum Prosperity Index 2015: (Rank out of 142)

17

General Business Indicators (2015)

 

Number of procedures required to start a business 

3

Time required to get electricity (days)

31

Time to resolve insolvency (years)

0.8

Time required to enforce a contract (days)

150

Time required to start a business (days)

2.5

Time required to build a warehouse (days)

26

Business Extent of Disclosure Index (0=less to 10=more disclosure):

10

Ease of doing business index (1=Most business friendly regulations)

1

Fast Facts

Population

 

Population 2015 est. (Millions)

68.0

Infant mortality 2015 (deaths / 1,000 live births)

11.3

Life expectancy 201 (years)

74.4

Ethnic Groups

Thai 95.9%, Burmese 2%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.9% (2010 est.)

Religions

Buddhist (official) 93.6%, Muslim 4.9%, Christian 1.2%, other 0.2%, none 0.1% (2010 est.)

Literacy (defined as age 15 and over who can read and write)

96.70%

Population below the Poverty Line 2012 est.

12.60%

Urbanization 2015 (% of total population)

50.4

Environment

 

Natural Resources

Tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land

Total Renewable Water Resources

438.6 cu km

Current Environmental Issues 2011

Air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from organic and factory wastes; deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by illegal hunting

Government

 

Government type

Constitutional monarchy

Property rights 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.1

Diversion of public funds 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.9

Public trust in politicians 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.0

Irregular payments and bribes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.7

Favoritism in decisions of government officials 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.0

Transparency of government policy making 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.8

Reliability of police services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.2

Legal System

 

Legal system type

Civil law system with common law influences

Judicial Independence 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.1

Efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.9

Strength of legal rights index 2015 (0=weak, 12=strong)

3

Governance

 

Ethical behaviour of firms 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.7

Strength of auditing and reporting standards 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.1

Infrastructure

 

Quality of overall infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.0

Quality of roads 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.4

Quality of railroad infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.4

Quality of port infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.5

Quality of air transport infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.1

Quality of electicity supply 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.2

Access to electricity 2012 (% of population)

100

Economy

 

Gross Domestic Product 2015 est. USD Billions

373.5

GDP per Capita 2015 est USD (PPP)

16,100

Inflation 2015 est. (%)

-0.8

Government debt % of GDP 2014

47.2

Country credit rating 2015: 0-100 (best)

58.3

Health and Education

 

Health Expenditure as % of GDP 2013 

4.6

Education Expenditure as % of GDP 2012

7.6

Quality of education system 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.6

Primary education enrollment rate 2015 %

95.6

Secondary education enrollment rate 2015 %

87.0

Tertiary education enrollment rate 2015 %

51.2

Finance and Banking

 

Availability of financial services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.3

Ease of access to loans 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.6

Depth of credit information index 2015 (0=low to 8=high)

6

Soundness of banks 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.7

Technology

 

Availability of latest technologies 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.7

Internet users 2015 %

34.9

Fixed broadband internet subscriptions 2015 % population

8.2

Internet broadband 2015 kb/s per user

46.8

Mobile broadband subscriptions % population

79.9

International Performance Indices

 

Global Competitive Index (2015/2016) Rank out of 140

32

World Press Feedom Index 2015 (rank out of 180):

134

Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2015 (rank out of 167):

76

The Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom 2016 (Rank out of 178):

67

Legatum Prosperity Index 2015: (Rank out of 142)

48

General Business Indicators (2015)

 

Number of procedures required to start a business 

4

Time required to get electricity (days)

37

Time to resolve insolvency (years)

2.7

Time required to enforce a contract (days)

440

Time required to start a business (days)

27.5

Time required to build a warehouse (days)

103

Business Extent of Disclosure Index (0=less to 10=more disclosure):

10

Ease of doing business index (1=Most business friendly regulations)

49

Fast Facts

Population

 

Population 2015 est. (Millions)

90.6

Infant mortality 2015 (deaths / 1,000 live births)

19.0

Life expectancy 2015 (years)

75.8

Ethnic Groups

Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, others 5.3% (1999 census)

Religions

Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)

Literacy (defined as age 15 and over who can read and write)

94.50%

Population below the Poverty Line 2012 est.

11.30%

Urbanization 2015 (% of total population)

33.6

Environment

 

Natural Resources

Phosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower

Total Renewable Water Resources

884.1 cu km

Current Environmental Issues 2011

Logging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation; water pollution and overfishing threaten marine life populations; groundwater contamination limits potable water supply; growing urban industrialization and population migration are rapidly degrading environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City

Government

 

Government type

Communist state

Property rights 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.9

Diversion of public funds 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.4

Public trust in politicians 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.5

Irregular payments and bribes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.2

Favoritism in decisions of government officials 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.2

Transparency of government policy making 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.8

Reliability of police services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.7

Legal System

 

Legal system type

Civil law system; note - the civil code of 2005 reflects a European-style civil law

Judicial Independence 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.5

Efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.7

Strength of legal rights index 2015 (0=weak, 12=strong)

7

Governance

 

Ethical behaviour of firms 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.6

Strength of auditing and reporting standards 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.6

Infrastructure

 

Quality of overall infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.5

Quality of roads 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.3

Quality of railroad infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.2

Quality of port infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.9

Quality of air transport infrastructure 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.2

Quality of electicity supply 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.1

Access to electricity 2012 (% of population)

99.0

Economy

 

Gross Domestic Product 2015 est. USD Billions

198.8

GDP per Capita 2015 est USD (PPP)

6,100

Inflation 2015 est. (%)

0.9

Government debt % of GDP 2014

58.7

Country credit rating 2015: 0-100 (best)

44.0

Health and Education

 

Health Expenditure as % of GDP 2013 

6.0

Education Expenditure as % of GDP 2012

6.3

Quality of education system 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.5

Primary education enrollment rate 2015 %

98.0

Secondary education enrollment rate 2015 %

75.2

Tertiary education enrollment rate 2015 %

24.6

Finance and Banking

 

Availability of financial services 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.9

Ease of access to loans 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.6

Depth of credit information index 2015 (0=low to 8=high)

7

Soundness of banks 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.7

Technology

 

Availability of latest technologies 2015/16 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.0

Internet users 2015 %

48.3

Fixed broadband internet subscriptions 2015 % population

6.5

Internet broadband 2015 kb/s per user

20.7

Mobile broadband subscriptions % population

31.0

International Performance Indices

 

Global Competitive Index (2015/2016) Rank out of 140

 56

World Press Feedom Index 2015 (rank out of 180):

175 

Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2015 (rank out of 167):

112 

The Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom 2016 (Rank out of 178):

131 
Legatum Prosperity Index 2015: (Rank out of 142) 55 

General Business Indicators (2015)

 

Number of procedures required to start a business 

10 

Time required to get electricity (days)

59 

Time to resolve insolvency (years)

Time required to enforce a contract (days)

400 

Time required to start a business (days)

20 

Time required to build a warehouse (days) 

166 
Business Extent of Disclosure Index (0=less to 10=more disclosure):

Ease of doing business index (1=Most business friendly regulations)

90 

Fast Facts

Population

 

Population 2015 est. (Millions)

0.43

Infant mortality 2013 (deaths / 1,000 live births)

5.6

Life expectancy 2013 (years)

78.1

Ethnic Groups

Malay 65.7%, Chinese 10.3%, other indigenous 3.4%, other 20.6% (2011 est.)

Religions

Muslim (official) 78.8%, Christian 8.7%, Buddhist 7.8%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 4.7% (2011 est.)

Literacy (defined as age 15 and over who can read and write)

96.00%

Population below the Poverty Line 2012 est.

NA

Urbanization 2015 (% of total population)

77.2

Environment

 

Natural Resources

Petroleum, natural gas, timber

Total Renewable Water Resources

8.5 cu km

Current Environmental Issues 2011

Seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia

Government

 

Government type

Constitutional sultanate (locally known as Malay Islamic Monarchy)

Property rights 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.6

Diversion of public funds 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.4 

Public trust in politicians 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.9 

Irregular payments and bribes 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.8 

Favoritism in decisions of government officials 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.4 

Transparency of government policy making 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.4 

Reliability of police services 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.3 

Legal System

 

Legal system type

Mixed legal system based on English common law and Islamic law; note - in May 2014, the first sharia-based penal codes were instituted and apply to Muslims and non-Muslims

Judicial Independence 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.0

Efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.0

Strength of legal rights index 2015 (0=weak, 12=strong)

4

Governance

 

Ethical behaviour of firms 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.0

Strength of auditing and reporting standards2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.0

Infrastructure

 

Quality of overall infrastructure 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.1

Quality of roads 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.0

Quality of railroad infrastructure 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

NA

Quality of port infrastructure 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.7

Quality of air transport infrastructure 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.8

Quality of electicity supply 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.2

Access to electricity 2012 (% of population)

76.2

Economy

 

Gross Domestic Product 2015 est. USD Billions

11.64

GDP per Capita 2015 est. USD (PPP)

79,700

Inflation 2015 est. (%)

-0.4

Government debt % of GDP 2013

2.4

Country credit rating 2013: 0-100 (best)

NA

Health and Education

 

Health Expenditure as % of GDP 2013 

2.5

Education Expenditure as % of GDP 2014

3.8

Quality of education system 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.4

Primary education enrollment rate 2013 %

96.9

Secondary education enrollment rate 2013 %

111.8

Tertiary education enrollment rate 2013 %

19.6

Finance and Banking

 

Availability of financial services 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

4.8

Ease of access to loans 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.8

Depth of credit information index 2015 (0=low to 8=high)

6

Soundness of banks 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.5

Technology

 

Availability of latest technologies 2013/14 (Worst =1, Best =7)

5.2

Internet users 2013 %

80.3

Fixed broadband internet subscriptions 2013 % population

4.8

Internet broadband 2013 kb/s per user

39.9

Mobile broadband subscriptions % population

7.6

International Performance Indices

 

Global Competitive Index (2015 / 2016) Rank out of 140

NA

World Press Feedom Index 2015 (rank out of 180):

121

Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2015 (rank out of 167):

NA

The Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom 2016 (Rank out of 178):

51

Legatum Prosperity Index 20145: (Rank out of 142)

NA

General Business Indicators (2015)

 

Number of procedures required to start a business (2013)

15

Time required to get electricity (days)

56

Time to resolve insolvency (years)

2.0

Time required to enforce a contract (days)

540

Time required to start a business (days)

14

Time required to build a warehouse (days)

119

Business Extent of Disclosure Index (0=less to 10=more disclosure):

4

Ease of doing business index (1=Most business friendly regulations)

84

Fast Facts

Population

 

Population 2015 est. (Millions)

1.2

Infant mortality 2014 (deaths / 1,000 live births)

47.8

 

Life expectancy 2014 (years)

67.0

Ethnic Groups

Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian), Papuan, small Chinese minority

Religions

Roman Catholic 96.9%, Protestant / Evangelical 2.2%, Muslim 0.3%, other 0.6% (2005)

Literacy (defined as age 15 and over who can read and write)

67.50%

Population below the Poverty Line 2011 est.

37%

Urbanization 2015 (% of total population)

32.8

 

Environment

 

Natural Resources

Gold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble

Total Renewable Water Resources

NA

Current Environmental Issues 2011

Widespread use of slash and burn agriculture has led to deforestation and soil erosion

Government

 

Government type

Republic

Property rights 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.8

Diversion of public funds 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.2

Public trust in politicians 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.0

Irregular payments and bribes 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.1

Favoritism in decisions of government officials 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.5

Transparency of government policy making 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.2

Reliability of police services 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.6

Legal System

 

Legal system type

Civil law system based on the Portuguese model; note - penal and civil law codes to replace the Indonesian codes were passed by Parliament and promulgated in 2009 and 2011, respectively

 Judicial Independence 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.3

Efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.1

Strength of legal rights index 2015 (0=weak, 12=strong)

0

Governance

 

Ethical behaviour of firms 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.5

Strength of auditing and reporting standards 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.0

Infrastructure

 

Quality of overall infrastructure 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.9

Quality of roads 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

1.9

Quality of railroad infrastructure 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

NA

Quality of port infrastructure 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.2

Quality of air transport infrastructure 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.2

Quality of electicity supply 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.0

Access to electricity 2012 (% of population)

41.6

Economy

 

Gross Domestic Product 2015 est. USD Billions

4.2

GDP per Capita 2015 est. USD (PPP)

5,800

Inflation 2015 est. (%)

0.7

Government debt % of GDP 2013

NA

Country credit rating 2014: 0-100 (best)

19.7

Health and Education

 

Health Expenditure as % of GDP 2013 

1.3

Education Expenditure as % of GDP 2011

9.4

Quality of education system 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.4

Primary education enrollment rate 2014 %

91.1

Secondary education enrollment rate 2014 %

56.6

Tertiary education enrollment rate 2014 %

17.7

Finance and Banking

 

Availability of financial services 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.9

Ease of access to loans 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

2.5

Depth of credit information index 2015 (0=low to 8=high)

4

Soundness of banks 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3.5

Technology

 

Availability of latest technologies 2014/15 (Worst =1, Best =7)

3

Internet users 2014 %

1.1

Fixed broadband internet subscriptions 2014 % population

0.1

Internet broadband 2014 kb/s per user

17.5

Mobile broadband subscriptions % population

0.4

International Performance Indices

 

Global Competitive Index (2015 / 2016) Rank out of 140

NA

World Press Feedom Index 2015 (rank out of 180):

103

Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2015 (rank out of 167):

123

The Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom 2016 (Rank out of 178):

167

Legatum Prosperity Index 2015: (Rank out of 142)

NA

General Business Indicators (2015)

 

Number of procedures required to start a business 

8

Time required to get electricity (days)

63

Time to resolve insolvency (years)

NA

Time required to enforce a contract (days)

1285

Time required to start a business (days)

9

Time required to build a warehouse (days)

207

Business Extent of Disclosure Index (0=less to 10=more disclosure):

5

Ease of doing business index (1=Most business friendly regulations)

173